Effect of Fundamental Movement Skill Program on Motor Skills of Early Childhood


  • ณัฐิกา เพ็งลี Kasetsart University




The purpose of this research is to study the effect of a fundamental movement skill program on motor skills in early childhood. Population in this research is preschool students in Bangkok metropolitan. Thirty-six preschoolers aged 4 to 5 years old were divided into a control group (CG), and an experimental group (EG). The experiment was conducted over 8 weeks, 3 days per week, and 30 minutes per day. Data were collected before (baseline) and after the 8-week program, by collecting 3 subtests of motor skills test: 1) locomotor, 2) object control and 3) gross motor quotient. The results were analyzed by using independent t-test statistical to test mean differences of 3 motor skill subtests between two groups, and paired t-test statistical for differences within group. 

The research results showed no significant difference between CG and EG on all 3 motor skill subtests at baseline. However, after the 8-week program, the EG scored significantly higher on all 3 motor skill subtests than the CG (p<.05). Comparing between baseline and after the 8-week program within group showed that the EG was significantly improved on all 3 motor skill subtests (p<.05), whereas the CG showed no significant difference on all 3 motor skill subtests.


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biography

ณัฐิกา เพ็งลี, Kasetsart University

Lecturer in Physical Education Division, Department of Physical Education, Faculty of Education, Kasetsart University



เจริญ กระบวนรัตน์. (2559). การเรียนรู้ทักษะกลไกการเคลื่อนไหวของร่างกาย. วารสารสุขศึกษาพลศึกษา และสันทนการ, 42(1), 6-29.

สายวรุณ สุกก่ำ, เอกสิริ แก่นศักดิ์ศิริ และ อุทุมพร โดมทอง. (ม.ป.ป.). สหสัมพันธ์ภายในชั้น (Intraclass correlation). สืบค้นจาก https://sc2.kku.ac.th/stat/statweb/images/Eventpic/60/

สำนักงานเลขาธิการสภาการศึกษา. (2555). แผนยุทธศาสตร์ชาติด้านเด็กปฐมวัย (แรกเกิดถึงก่อนเข้าปฐมศึกษาปีที่ 1) ตามนโยบายรัฐบาลด้านเด็กปฐมวัย พ.ศ. 2555 - 2559 (พิมพ์ครั้งที่ 2). กรุงเทพฯ: พริกหวานกราฟฟิค.


Bolger, L. E., Bolger, L. A., O’ Neill, C., Coughlan, E., O’Brien, W., Lacey, S., & Burns, C. (2018). Age and sex differences in fundamental movement skills among a cohort of Irish school children. Journal of Motor Learning and Development, 6(1), 1-20.

Capio, C. M., Sit, C. H. P., Eguia, K. F., Abernethy, B., & Masters, R. S. W. (2015). Fundamental movement skills training to promote physical activity in children with and without disability: A pilot study. Journal of Sport and Health Science, 4(3), 235-243.

Gallahue, D. L. & Donnelly, F. C. (2007). Developmental physical education for all children (4th ed.). Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.

Goodway, J. D., & Branta, C. F. (2003). Influence of a motor skill intervention on fundamental motor skill development of disadvantaged preschool children. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 74(1), 36-46.

Goodway, J. D., Crowe, H., & Ward, P. (2003). Effects of motor skill instruction on fundamental motor skill development. Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly, 20(3), 298-314.

Kangalgil, M., & Özgül, F. (2018). Use of feedback in physical education and sports lessons for student point of view. Universal Journal of Educational Research, 6(6), 1235-1242.

Nikolić, I., Mraković, S., & Kunješić, M. (2016). Gender differences of preschool children in fundamental movement skills / Spolne razlike predškolske djece u biotičkim motoričkim znanjima. Croatian Journal of Education - Hrvatski časopis za odgoj i obrazovanje; 18, 123-131.

Oliver, M., Schofield, G. M. & Kolt, G. S. (2007). Physical activity in preschoolers. Sports Medicine, 37(12), 1045-1070.

Palmer, K. K., Chinn, K. M., & Robinson, L. E. (2019). The effect of the CHAMP intervention on fundamental motor skills and outdoor physical activity in preschoolers. Journal of Sport and Health Science, 8(2), 98-105.

Turner, H. S. & Watson, T. S. (1999). Consultant's guide for the use of time-out in the preschool and elementary classroom. Psychology in the Schools, 36(2), 135-148.

Ulrich, D. A. (2000). The test of gross motor development, (2nd ed.). Austin, TX: Pro-ed.

Williams, H. G., Pfeiffer, K. A., O'Neill, J. R., Dowda, M., McIver, K. L., Brown, W. H. & Pate, R. R. (2008). Motor skill performance and physical activity in preschool children. Obesity,
16(6), 1421-1426.

10 Facts on Obesity. (2017, October). Retrieved from https://www.who.int/features/factfiles/obesity/en/