Finding key skills for architecture students in the bachelor of architecture program


  • Wisarut Danapong Faculty of Architecture, Bangkok University


Skill, Outcome-based Learning, Education, Architecture


This academic study aims to identify the fundamental key skills necessary for architectural students to effectively prepare for their future professional careers as architects. The research explores the clarity of these skills which to be used as a guideline for considering the abilities of students according to Outcome-based education approaches. The investigation begins by analyzing the architectural licensing examination to examine the core skills required. In addition, focus group discussions and interviews were conducted with experienced architects, architectural lecturers, professionals from architectural firms, researchers, and officials from the Thai architectural council to gather insights from diverse perspectives, the analysis is carried out through activities that occur in tasks that students are required to perform. The study reveals that theoretical knowledge and classroom lessons alone may not suffice to excel in the architectural field. It underscores the importance of possessing both foundational skills and personal competencies. Five key skills emerged from the analysis: (1) Research skill is included data and resource collection, analytical and summarization skills, and the ability to initiate functional programs. (2) Design skill is included three-dimensional visualization, spatial arrangement and organization, design scheme option creation, and composition rearrangement. (3) Communication skill is included architectural drawing, presentation techniques, and storytelling abilities. (4) Management skill is included on self-organization and effective project management. (5) Digitizing skill is included computational proficiency and expertise in software applications used in the field. The findings emphasize that these five fundamental skills serve as a foundation for an architectural. Moreover, the fundamental of development archives the architectural work skills and the important factors to determine the future career paths.



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