Renovation viability of Bamrungnukulkit Printing House: adaptive reuse architecture for cultural, environmental and community socio-economic value


  • Panissara Kuljittipatai Faculty of Architecture and Planning, Thammasat University
  • Srisak Phattanawasin Faculty of Architecture and Planning, Thammasat University


Adaptive Reuse Architecture, Heritage Building, Conservation and Development of Historic District, Bamrungnukulkit Printing House


Bangkok’s growth as the capital affects the development of the Rattanakosin Island Conservation district, consisting of several historical buildings, including the Bamrungnukulkit Printing House. During his Majesty King Chulalongkorn’s reign, the printing house was constructed in 1895 to support the first reform of the Thai educational system. In 1995 the Fine Arts Department listed the building as a National Register Historic site, but it has been abandoned. It leads to the building’s vulnerability to deterioration and improper maintenance. This article aims to convey a design guideline for conservative and development through the case study of the Bamrungnukulkit Printing House’s adaptive reuse. Using the research process to propose an architectural design and programming, starting with the study of historic buildings preservation, adaptive reuse theory, building’s value & significance evaluation, measuring work by a 3D laser scanner, site plan’s development analysis, the synthesis result came as a historic district mixed-use hotel. According to the study, the key concept for the private sector’s conservation and development of heritage architecture is to maintain the balance between the cultural, environmental, and community socioeconomic value of the historic district, which led to the viability of adaptive reuse in the future.


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