Exploring theoretical framework and driving mechanism in community-based Chiang Mai learning city


  • Sant Suwatcharapinun Faculty of Architecture, Chiang Mai University
  • Pranom Tansukanun Faculty of Architecture, Chiang Mai University
  • Umpiga Shummadtayar Faculty of Architecture, Chiang Mai University
  • Chiranthanin Kitika Faculty of Architecture, Chiang Mai University
  • Ajirapa Pradit Faculty of Arts and Architecture, Rajamangala University of Technology Lanna


community, social space, driving mechanism, Chiang Mai, learning city


This paper is part of the research project titled “local network for Chiang Mai learning city” received a grant from program management unit on area based development (PMU A) in 2021 under the framework of UNESCO’s learning city, which has Chiang Mai’s Municipality as the area of research. This article aims to elaborate the conceptualize framework and driving mechanisms by embracing Henry Lefebvre’s social space theory, to explore
community and community space in terms of how people use as production of space. Moreover, there are classified these community formations into four categories, as are people, place, object, and memory which came up with the observation mapping and the data of these
community formation. Which are selected into three communities for the specific
research cases, which are namely, Kuan Kham Ma community, Pa Ha community, and Chang Moi community. Related activities and proposed driving mechanism have been conducted based on three different approaches of three sub-research projects. All team have worked together from the beginning before exploring differently later based on different emphasis on the
learning processes such as; sub-research 1 focused on building the network and connectivity among community and civil society’s groups, sub-research 2 aimed to analyze the relationship between community and urban physical space and sub-research 3 explore how to implement the city’s lessons for the different groups of youth to identify the proper learning mechanisms. Through community’s resources and knowledge extracting process, the research argued that; (1) the structure of communities in municipal area is very fragile and weak due to the lack of continuity and the sense of belonging among those newcomers in the community which may affect the strength of the community, (2) the communities’ network is possible but difficult and progress slowly due to the lack of communication and (3) the communities need the plan for developing and caring community space which goes beyond the physical development system.


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