Guideline for designing circulation pattern in new normal office space during the COVID-19 pandemic


  • Thanakorn Taraka Faculty of Architecture and Planning, Thammasat University
  • Praphatson Saemmonhkhon School of Architecture and design, Walailak University


office space design, circulation pattern, COVID-19 pandemic, new normal office


The new normal office is an adaptation for work efficiency to emphasize the social distancing strategy that is distancing at least 1.50 meters in the COVID-19 pandemic. The research studied the relationship between circulation and office space (35 cases) from the interior design project of 3rd year architecture students, Faculty of Architecture and Planning, Thammasat University. The office space contained 3 different space shapes that were analyzed data about the circulation of office cases by assessment criteria. The criteria consist of one-way traffic in loop circulation, two-way traffic has a width of at least 2.65 meters and office space standard. The results of this study found 26 patterns, including one-way traffic and two-way traffic 13 patterns each. Firstly, zone A has the most variations that can be 15 patterns of closed and opened plans. Secondly, zone C showed 9 patterns, which condition is stair traffic management. Lastly, zone B showed 6 patterns, which are convenient for placement opened plan, including with partially closed plan. The results of this research can be used in decision-making to choose a suitable circulation pattern in office space planning that are diverse in both size and shape during the COVID-19 pandemic.


Ajaj, F. (2020). Neufert COVID-19 edition. Retrieved February 18, 2022, from https://www. gallery/95260079/NEUFERT-COVID-19-EDITION

Department of Disease Control. (2019). Khumue chaonathi satharanasuk nai karn topto phawachukchoen koranee karn rabat rok tit chuea wairat kho ro na 2019 nai prathet thai. (In Thai). [Public health officer’s manual in response to emergencies case of the Coronavirus disease 2019 in Thailand]. Bangkok: Ministry of Public Health.

Emmanuel, U., Osondu, E.D., & Kalu, K.C. (2020). Architectural design strategies for infection prevention and control (IPC) in health-care facilities: towards curbing the spread of COVID-19. Journal of Environmental Health Science and Engineering, 18(2), 1699–1707.

Gensler. (2012). Circulation defining and planning. Retrieved February 18, 2022, from

Naor, M., et al. (2021). The impact of COVID -19 on office space utilization and real-estate: a case study about teleworking in Israel as new normal. Retrieved February 18, 2022, from

Perkins, L. & Will, P. (2020). Road map for return guidance for a return to school during COVID-19. Retrieved February 18, 2022, from

Rayfield, J.K. (1997). The office interior design guide: an introduction for facility and design professionals. Hoboken: Wiley. The American Institute of Architects. (2020). Reopening America: strategies for safer office. Washington: Author.

World Health Organization. (2020). COVID-19 daily press briefing 29 June 2020. Retrieved February 18, 2022, from

World Health Organization. (2020). Overview of public health and social measures in the context of COVID-19: Interim guidance. Retrieved February 18, 2022, from

Xiao, Y., et al. (2021). Impacts of working from home during COVID-19 pandemic on physical and mental well-being of office workstation users. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 63(3), 181-190.