Design Guidelines and Improvement of Physical Environment and Facilities in Accommodations for Elderly Tourists, Samut Songkhram Province


  • Phattita Pongthana College of Architecture, Suan Sunandha Rajabhat University
  • Sujitra Uratanamnee College of Nursing and Health Sciences, Suan Sunandha Rajabhat University
  • Pimonmart Prasirtsuk Faculty of Architecture and Planning, Thammasat University


elderly people, elderly accommodation, elderly tourists, Thailand Safety and Health Administration (SHA), Samut Songkram province


o promote and develop as a center for ecotourism and culture by supporting and promoting cultural and community-based tourism for the elderly. This research aims to evaluate the accommodation design guidelines for the physical environment and facilities for elderly tourists in Samut Songkhram Province by using a survey method and proposing the evaluation in accordance with to the Law on Building Facilities for the Disabled or Handicapped and the Elderly, 2005 and 2021, as well as the Amazing Thailand Safety and Health Administration (SHA) Standard which includes the disease prevention and control measures for hotels and accommodation stipulated by the Ministry of Public Health. It is found that there are two types of room improvement approaches. The first room type is for wheelchair users and the second is for an elderly person who can walk without assistance by using a cane. The key finding is the limitation of the bathroom area which is not suitable for wheelchair users. Hotel operators and related agencies can use these design and evaluation guidelines to improve the physical environment and hotel facilities for elderly tourists.


Akarapotiwong, P. (2022). Karn sueksa upakon phuea chai ha raya karn tittang upakon chuai phayung (rao chap) lae raya karn tittang rao chap tee chai watsadu thongthin. (In Thai) [Developing devices for handrail installation and dimensions of handrail installation in local materials]. Journal of Environmental Design, (6)1, 74-91.

Amphawa Nanon Hotel. (2021). Rup phap khong Amphawa Nanon Hotel. (In Thai) [Amphawa Nanon Hotel Photo]. Retrieved July 21, 2021, from https://

Association of Siamese Architects under Royal Patronage. (2014). Khosanoenae karn oakbab sing amnuai khwam saduak samrap thuk khon. (In Thai) [Facility design suggestions for everyone]. Bangkok: Plus Press.

Chancharuwong, N. (2014). Neawtang karn prubprung phuentee phainai khrongkarn phak asai samrap phu sung ayu. (In Thai) [Guildlines for improvement of residental floor area of the elderly housing]. (Master’s thesis). Phathumthani: Thammasat University.

Chaokaew, J. (2021). Neawtang karn okbaep prubprung saphabwaetlom thang kaiyaphap lae sing aumnuai khwam saduak phuea khon thangmuan: koranee sueksa phuentee suan ratchakarn khet thetsaban tambon Plaiphraya, changwat Krabi. (In Thai) [design guidelines of physical and facilities improvement for all: a case study of Plaiphraya sub-district , Krabi]. Journal of Architecture/Planning Research and Studies, 19(1), 65-82.

Coco View Hotel. (2016). Rup phap khong Coco View Hotel. (In Thai) [Coco View Hotel Photos]. Retrieved August 23, 2016, from https://

Department of Health Service Support Ministry of Public Health. (2020). Mattrakarn pongkan lae khuapkhum rok samrab kitchakarn dulae phu sung-ayu rue phu mee phawa phuengphing nai karn pongkan lae khuapkhum karn rabat khong rok tit chuea corona virus 2019 (COVID-19). (In Thai) [Preventive and disease control measures for elderly and dependency care businesses in the prevention and control of the outbreak of corona virus 2019 (COVID-19)]. Retrieved July 25, 2021, from

Department of Tourism. (2020). Khumue karn patibat tam Mattrakarn phonpron kitchakarn lae kitchakam dan karn thongthiao phuea pongkan kranphraerabat khong rok tit chuea corona virus 2019 (COVID-19) neawtang patibat samrap chaokhong kitchakarn phu hai borikan phuchai borikan. (In Thai) [Guidelines for compliance with business respite measures and tourism activities to prevent the spread of corona virus 2019 (COVID-19) guidelines for business owners/service providers/users]. Retrieved July 25, 2021, from

Jarutach, T. (2015). Khumue karn oakbab phuea thuk khon. (In Thai) [Universal design guide book]. Bangkok: Tepphenvanich Press.

Ministry of Interior. (2005). Kotkrasuang kamnot sing amnuai khwam saduak nai arkhan samrap phu phikarn rue thupponlaphap lae khon chara phoso 2548. (In Thai) [Ministerial regulation prescribing accessible facilities for persons with disabilities and the elderly B.C.2005]. Bangkok: Author.

Ministry of Interior. (2021). Kotkrasuang kamnot sing amnuai khwam saduak nai akhan samrap phu phikan rue thupphonlaphap lae khon chara (chabub tee 2) phoso 2564. (In Thai) [Ministerial regulation prescribing accessible facilities for persons with disabilities and the elderly (no.2) B.C.2021]. Bangkok: Author.

Ministry of Tourism and Sports. (2017). National tourism development plan no.2 of 2017-2021. Bangkok: Author.

Ministry of Tourism and Sports. (2020). Rai karn ken truatsop phuea pramoen mattrathan khwam plotphai dan suka anamai nai sathan prakopkan praphet rongraem lae thiphak sathanthi chat karn prachum (SHA). (In Thai) [Checklist for evaluating sanitary safety standards in establishments, types of hotels and accommodations. Meeting Venue (SHA)]. Retrieved July 25, 2021, from