Community adaptation to flood risk in peri-urban community in Pathum Thani province
Keywords:Adaptive capacity, Flooding, Peri-urban community, Community-based adaptation
Pathum Thani province as a peri-urban of Bangkok metropolis faces high risks of flooding due to its low-lying geography and urban expansion. Data with frequency and percentage were obtained from questionnaire. Chi-square was used for relationship testing. This research aimed to study the effects of floods, local adaptations, and their influential factors. The results revealed that flood disaster instigated negative effects upon communitie’s transportation network, accidents, and health issues caused by flood related disease. The adaptation activities could be categorized into pre-during-and post flood adaptations. The pre-flooding preparedness involved flood monitoring from early warning and past experiences, which directly varies with risks perception. During flood incidents, the adaptations involved with any activities that will allow households to inhibit in their properties and be able to connect with the outside world simultaneously. The post-flood behavior, which engaged long-term adaptations entailed the physical adjustment of dwelling units and surrounding environments in different degree, varying upon the economic status. It was found that most adaptations by households were autonomous rather than those stems from community-based adaptations, which demand the cooperative strategies between local government agencies and the community itself. It was found that settlement geography, flood disaster experience, and period of settlement are the influential factors to the communities’ adaptive capacity, respectively. The study results contributed to the local government agencies in evaluating and scale up the autonomous adaptations towards the community-based adaptations that conform to the needs of local context. Still, the government agencies are accountable for risk reduction and relief measures beyond the community’s adaptive capacity. Additional studies on impediments and solutions of communitie’s adaptive capacity in the peri-urban of metropolis are recommended to generalize the findings.
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