People centered approaches to conservation of nature and culture

Keywords: people, nature, culture, heritage, sustainable development


This article studies a paradigm shift in the cultural and natural heritage from care of heritage to well-being of the heritage and wider society as a whole. The concept tries to protect both natural heritage and cultural heritage with people-centered approaches. The paradigm is also emphasizing the well-being of society from heritage protection and management systems, in responded to Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). This approach will foster understanding people and communities, who are the key elements for heritage management and to ensure that natural and cultural heritage play an important and dynamic role in the societies today and future. A quantitative synthesis of theory frameworks and case studies in the world heritage process are implemented through 3 issues: 1) Heritage place, its values and its context, 2) Governance of the heritage place, and 3) Management of heritage sites Implementing management of the heritage place. This new paradigm of heritage conservation and management is responded to the complex issues that could potentially be applied to different social and environmental conditions. The connection between natural and cultural heritage has become an important tool in the interpretation, conservation and sustainable management of both natural and cultural resources. Participation must be engaged in the early stage of valuation process, not the end of conservation result by letting people listen to the value of their own heritage. This is one of the major challenges related to the authority and governmental bodies responsible for heritage governance at all levels.


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