study of open space environment for learning and living on campus : case study of Walailak University


  • ภานุวัฒน์ สวัสดี สำนักวิชาสถาปัตยกรรมศาสตร์และการออกแบบ มหาวิทยาลัยวลัยลักษณ์


Walailak University, physical environment, open space, living and learning


The study of open space environment for learning and living in an educational institution by post-occupancy evaluation has an objective to improve environmental in different areas of the university to suit with students’ learning and living activities. The study was conducted by area survey, observation, environment evaluation, and data analysis on efficient use of space, occurring problems, and guidelines were proposed for modifying open space areas for better usage of the user group. In addition, users’ satisfaction and their opinions on the open space areas at the university were also studied. The findings indicated that usage of the areas does not follow the original designed plan. There are problems on area management and maintenance, area transformation, and uncertain demand of area usage. Therefore, some areas cannot be used efficiently. Following problems such as area aesthetic, sufficiency, convenience, and suitability are still being found. The level of area users’ satisfaction is low. There are still various area usage preferences which will be beneficial for developing future environmental guidelines to improve open space areas at Walailak University.


Boonkham, D. & other (1989). Karn wang phung maebot sathansueksa radub udomsueksa.
(In Thai) [Master plan layout for higher education]. Bangkok: Chulalongkorn University.

Dober, R.P. (1963). Campus planning. Massachusetts: ReinHold Publishing Coporation.

Edwards. B. (2000). University architecture. London: Spon Press.

Horayangkura, V. (1992). Phuettikam manut kub saphabwaetlom. (In Thai) [Human behavior and environment]. Bangkok: Chulalongkorn University Press.

Lynch, K. (1960). The image of the city. Massachusetts: M.I.T Press.

Sachakul, V. (2011). Karn prameon saphabwaedlom arkhan. (In Thai) [Building environment post-occupancy evaluation]. Bangkok: Chulalongkorn University Press.

Srinawagul, S. (1999). Landscape and home. (In Thai) [Landscape and home]. Bangkok: Actme Printing.