The survey of environmental factors influencing people with non-communicated chronic diseases


  • สุมาวลี จินดาพล คณะสถาปัตยกรรมศาสตร์ มหาวิทยาลัยเชียงใหม่


environment, non-communicated diseases, daily activities


The study is based on the assumption raising “whether or not physical environmental factors influencing people with non-communicated diseases, NCDs?”, because patient’s behaviour is one of main reasons causing the NCDs. The top four maximum-deaths NCDs in Thailand focused in the study are Cardio Vascular Disease, CVD; Ischemic heart disease, IHD; Stroke; Diabetes mellitus; and Hypertension, HT. The data collected from 135 patients in Maharaj Nakorn Chiangmai Hospital, using a questionnaire interview. They were asked about their typical behavior during the day in a week. The four daily-behavior sets according to four NCDs patients were simulated in two different houses: a vernacular house and a modern house. The result shows that based on the same daily-behaviour, living in the vernacular house spends more calories than living in the modern house. Daily activities in the vernacular house could encourage more movement and spend additional 43-205 kcal, equivalent to 30-87% of daily calorie expenditure recommendation to increase. Meanwhile, living in the modern house could lead people spend only additional 10-164 kcal per day, equivalent to 30-87% of daily calorie expenditure recommendation to increase. To conclude, physical environmental factors influence people activities with NCDs. Three main factors in the vernacular house effecting activities level are the elevated platform of the house, rooms’ location and zoning of function.


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