From the East Towards South: Analysis of Education Provision of Korea’s New Southern Policy and Taiwan’s New Southbound Policy
Keywords:Education, Policy, Regional development, Cooperation, ASEAN region
New Southern Policy – South Korea (NSP – SK) through the leadership of Jae-in Moon hopes to contribute to harmonizing the relationship between Korea and the ASEAN community with a core focus on people, prosperity, and peace. Both South Korea and Taiwan have advanced different approaches towards the Southeast Asian region.
The New Southbound Policy – Taiwan (NSP – T) under the leadership of Tsi Ing-wen aims to strengthen the relationship and cooperation between Taiwan and southern countries in the region. To be specific, it involves 18 countries to which the following areas for cooperation and exchange will be advanced: tourism, technology, agriculture, medicine, and education. Using the “document as text” approach, NSP – SK and NSP - T are both examined using education perspectives and discourses. Datasets for the study are readily available online and the English versions of both policies were used. The present study aims to describe the NSP – SK and NSP – T in terms of educational provision as an approach to regional cooperation. Common themes or aspects are identified, as education is considered a crucial element for both policies. In addition, both policies are compared and contrasted in terms of educational provisions. Central to the analysis are different education-related concepts to formally determine educational provisions as the analytic content point, with the following emergent themes: people and culture first; human capacity building through education; acculturation through education and sharing for the common good; and education through international collaboration.
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