The Role of Overseas Study in Systematizing School Education in Later-Developing Countries: Acceptance of Western Academic Study in Modern China

Authors

  • Norifumi Takeishi St. Luke's International Japan

Keywords:

China (Qing dynasty), Modernization, Mandarins, Overseas study, Keju

Abstract

          This paper examines trends in Chinese overseas study from the 1870s to the 1920s while analyzing the process of systematizing modern school education in China by considering the significance of overseas study. Texts and official historical documents on Chinese domestic trends and the status of Chinese students overseas were studied. The Qing dynasty attempted a self-strengthening movement (c. 1860–1890) by introducing advanced Western technology; however, a classics-focused traditional system of academia linked to the keju or civil-service examination system in Imperial China, was maintained. Therefore personnel to work with these technologies were
inadequate. Starting in the 1870s, the Japanese government sent students to the West despite the expense at the turn of the century, so remaining in Japan for study became a main goal until the 1910s. The start of modern education in Japan to widespread acceptance coincided with dependence on overseas study. Until school education and modern academic study were domestically accessible in China, overseas study fulfilled that role.

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Published

2022-06-30

How to Cite

Takeishi, N. (2022). The Role of Overseas Study in Systematizing School Education in Later-Developing Countries: Acceptance of Western Academic Study in Modern China. Thai Journal of East Asian Studies, 26(1), 128–147. Retrieved from https://so02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/easttu/article/view/248256

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Academic Paper