The establishment of the Chinese legation in Tehran: Chungking’s Middle Eastern strategies and the British Foreign Office (1941-1942)

Authors

  • Matteo Miele Center for Southeast Asian Studies (CSEAS), Kyoto University

Keywords:

Iran-China relations, Iran during the Second World War, Chungking Government, extraterritoriality, Foreign Office

Abstract

In 1942 the Republic of China established a legation in Tehran. Neither during the last years of the Qājār dynasty nor during the subsequent reign of Reẕā Pahlavī did the Chinese
manage to send a diplomatic mission to the capital of the Empire. The change in attitude by the Persian government must therefore obviously be attributed to the new international role of Iran after the Anglo-Soviet invasion of 1941, the abdication of Reẕā Pahlavī, and the accession to the throne of his son Moḩammad Reẕā Pahlavī. Furthermore, the Republic of China, engaged in the hard and long conflict with Japan, was trying to build a diplomatic network in the Near and
Middle East that would also support the international re-legitimation after the humiliations suffered since the First Opium War. In particular, the opening of the legation meant the full implementation of the Sino-Persian treaty of 1920. After more than twenty years, the political meaning of that document was probably reconsidered in light of the negotiations with the United States and the United Kingdom regarding extraterritorial rights. The paper, therefore, outlines the political issues and objectives around the opening of the Chinese legation, trying to analyze the role played by the Foreign Office and the British legation in Tehran.

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References

Chan, K. C. (1977). The Abrogation of British Extraterritoriality in China 1942-43: A Study of Anglo-American-Chinese Relations. Modern Asian Studies, 11(2), 257-291.

Chen, L. (2019). The Signing of the Sino-Iranian Treaty of 1920. Iranian Studies, 52(5-6), 991-1008

Eshraghi, F. (1984). Anglo-Soviet Occupation of Iran in August 1941. Middle Eastern Studies, 20(1), 27-52.

Hamzavi, A. H. (n.d.). Persia and the Powers: An Account of Diplomatic Relations 1941-1946. Hutchinson & Co.

Stewart, R. A. (1988). Sunrise at Abadan: The British and Soviet invasion of Iran 1941. Praeger.

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Published

2021-12-28

How to Cite

Miele, M. (2021). The establishment of the Chinese legation in Tehran: Chungking’s Middle Eastern strategies and the British Foreign Office (1941-1942). Thai Journal of East Asian Studies, 25(2), 1–12. Retrieved from https://so02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/easttu/article/view/248221

Issue

Section

Research Article