Bali Process and the Externalization of Australia’s Refugee Policy towards ASEAN
This article examines the externalization of refugee controls by Australia to ASEAN states between 2001-2013, and how Australia’s role enhances refugee protection in ASEAN. Although Bali Process, co-chaired by Australia and Indonesia, is the forum for combatting trafficking in persons and transnational crimes, refugee that perceived as a threat to border security is included as irregular migration issue. This article demonstrates that the Bali Process is the mechanism for Australia to externalize its refugee control measures which aim at reducing the number of refugees, especially those arriving by boat into its territories. As the non-legally binding forum, the Bali Process encourages its member to have common understandings and share approachs on this issue. It also becomes the tool for Australia to initiate bilateral agreements on refugee issues with ASEAN member states such as Indonesia, which is one of the main transit countries to Australia. This study concludes that Australia’s role does not enhance refugee protection, but instead straighten the security perception on refugee issues among the ASEAN member.
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