A Comparative Study on Analytical Thinking Skill and Learning Achievement by Using Problem Based Learning with Graphic Organizer to the Traditional Teaching of Social Studies in Mutthayomsuksa 2 Students

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Wararat Seepattha

Abstract

This present study aimed 1) to compare analytical thinking ability and learning achievement of Mutthayomsuksa 2 students before and after learnt through problem based learning with graphic organizer of social studies 2) to compare analytical thinking ability and learning achievement of Mutthayomsuksa 2 students between learning through problem based learning with graphic organi- zer and traditional teaching methods 3) to investigate students’ attitude toward the social studies subject. The sample of the present study was Mutthayomsuksa 2 students who were learning in the 2nd semester of academic year 2019 in Suwannaphumpittayapaisarn school, Suwannaphum district Roi-et. They were selected by cluster random sampling according to classroom. One was used problem based learning with graphic organizer in class, another was traditional teaching methods. The instruments used in the study comprised of 1) 7 lesson plans related to problem based learning with graphic organizer and 7 lesson plans related to traditional teaching methods which both lasted 15 hours, 2) 25 items of 4 multiple choices analytical thinking ability test with 0.89 of the reliability, 3) 30 items of 4 multiple choices learning achievement test with 0.87 reliability, 4) students’ attitude questionnaire which was 20 items of rating scale with 0.87 reliability. The statistics used in the study were mean, percentage, standard deviation, t-test dependent and t-test independent. The research found that 1. The students’ results of analytical thinking ability test and learning achievement test after learning through problem based learning with graphic organizer were higher than before learning with .05 statistics significantly. 2. Students who learnt through problem based learning with graphic organizer had analytical thinking ability indifferent from students who learnt through traditional teaching methods. Whereas, the students’ results of learning achievement test after learning through problem based learning with graphic organizer were higher than learning through traditional teaching methods with .05 statistics significantly. 3. Mutthayomsuksa 2 students had attitude toward social studies subject ranged in the most level.


 

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Research Article