Education journal Faculty of Education, Nakhon Sawan Rajabhat University https://so02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/edunsrujo <p> </p> <p><strong>Education journal Faculty of Education, Nakhon Sawan Rajabhat University</strong></p> <p>ISSN : 2630-0761 (Print)</p> <p>ISSN : 2774-1370 (Online)</p> Education journal Faculty of Education, Nakhon Sawan Rajabhat University en-US Education journal Faculty of Education, Nakhon Sawan Rajabhat University 2630-0761 Eliminating Discrepancies for Increasing the Validity of Social Science Research https://so02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/edunsrujo/article/view/250732 <p>Social science research is the study of human behavior, real natural conditions in society with the aim to solve problems, to create a new theory or to corroborate the original theory in social science research which covers multiple fields such as education, philosophy, political science, sociology, laws, economics, business administration and communication sciences. Every field involves about people whose collecting data is difficult and inaccurate that will be affected the accuracy of research.</p> <p>There are two aspects of research validity: Internal validity and external validity. Internal validity refers to research that can control over variables or complication variables from the process of research that affects research answers’ discrepancies from reality. This may be discrepancies resulting from data collection, experimentation or data interpretation analysis, on the other hand, external validity refers to the nature of research that could be applied to other groups as well, such as sampling that represents a large population, to minimize internal and external discrepancies for high accuracy research requires carefully designing and planning at every step of the research.</p> <p>When creating research tools and collecting information from people, it is difficult to create research tools and collect data which lead to high chance of discrepancies. For example, the discrepancy may be caused by the non-collaboration of the sample. Therefore, the researcher has to clarify the plan and have a strategy to work in order to ensure the cooperation of all departments in the research to prevent the discrepancies that will be affected the accuracy and confidence of the research’s result.</p> Meanmas Pranpa Panya Theerawitthayalert Copyright (c) 2022 Education journal Faculty of Education, Nakhon Sawan Rajabhat University https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-08-25 2022-08-25 5 2 1 7 The Effects of Active Learning Management with Think – Pair - Share on Mathematical Reasoning Ability and Achievement of Mathayomsuksa 3 Students https://so02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/edunsrujo/article/view/255289 <p> </p> <p>The purposes of this research were; to compare mathematical reasoning ability and mathematical achievement of Mathayomsuksa 3 students after using active learning management with think – pair – share technique with a 70 percent criterion. The sample group was 40 Mathayomsuksa 3/2 students at Sriracha school in the 2020 academic year who were selected by a cluster random sampling. The instruments of this research consisted of seven lesson plans, a mathematical reasoning ability test with the reliability of 0.90, and a mathematical achievement test with the reliability of 0.89. The statistics for analyzing the data were means, standard deviation and t-test for one sample. The research results were that:</p> <p> 1) mathematical reasoning ability of the sample group after using active learning management with think – pair – share technique was higher than the 70 percent criterion at .05 level of significance, and 2) the mathematical achievement of similarity after using with active learning management with think – pair – share technique was higher than the 70 percent criterion at .05 level of significance.</p> Pronpawee Chanthum Pantipa Tantinai Vetcharit Angganapattarakajorn Copyright (c) 2022 Education journal Faculty of Education, Nakhon Sawan Rajabhat University https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-08-25 2022-08-25 5 2 8 16 Services Quality Components Affected Behavioral Intentions of Personnels in Somsanook Nadong School Group under Buengkan Primary Educational Service Area Office https://so02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/edunsrujo/article/view/250784 <p>The purpose of this research were 1) to study the services quality components in Somsanook Nadong School Group under BuengKan Primary Educational Service Area Office 2) to study the behavioral intentions of personnels in Somsanook Nadong School Group and 3) to study the relationship of the services quality components affected the behavioral intentions of personnels in Somsanook Nadong School Group. The sample were 286 personnels in Somsanook Nadong School Group under BuengKan Primary Educational Service Area Office consisted of 286 people using a simple random sampling method. The research tools were the service quality component questionnaire that affects the personnel's behavioral intentions. Data were analyzed by percentage, mean and standard deviation. The results of the research were found that;</p> <p> 1) the services quality components in Somsanook Nadong School Group under BuengKan Primary Educational Service Area Office. In overall and each aspect were at the highest level, 2) the behavioral intentions of personnels in Somsanook Nadong School Group under BuengKan Primary Educational Service Area Office, in overall and each aspect were at the highest level and 3) the relationship of the services quality components affected the behavioral intentions of personnels in Somsanook Nadong School Group under BuengKan Primary Educational Service Area Offices were as follows: the efficiency of personnel interactions had a significant positive affected on the quality of service at the .05 level. The operating environment had a positive affected on service quality at .01 level. Service quality had a significant positive affected on the behavioral intentions, loyalty and bonds at .05 level.</p> <p> </p> tarinee kittikanjanasophon Ariya Phuwakerewiwat Benjaporn Ranrana Copyright (c) 2022 Education journal Faculty of Education, Nakhon Sawan Rajabhat University https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-08-25 2022-08-25 5 2 17 25 Creating and Developing Exercises of English Reading Comprehension Skills to Combinate with the 5W1Hs Teaching Model for Students in Mattayomsueksa 2 at Wungpikulpittayacom School Secondary Education Office Service Area 4.0 https://so02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/edunsrujo/article/view/254372 <p>This research aimed to study 1) To create and develop exercise of English reading comprehension skill combination with the 5W1Hs teaching model according to the 80/80 criteria. 2) To compare reading achievement of students 3) To study the students' satisfaction with learning by using the English reading comprehension skills with the 5W1Hs teaching model.This research is experimental research. The population is 43 students in Mattayomsueksa 2, the second semester of the academic year 2019 by specific selection. The research instruments were 18 lesson plans, 4 reading skill development exercises, reading achievement test, the student satisfaction questionnaire used a 5-level estimation scale with a confidence value of .92. The statistics used to analyze the data were percentage, mean, standard deviation, and t-test (dependent) The research results were found as follows;</p> <p> 1) The effectiveness of the English reading comprehension skill development exercises together with 5W1Hs teaching model for grade eight students to meet the efficiency criteria of 82.35/ 85.97. 2) The results of comparing the academic achievement before and after study showed that the posttest score was significantly higher than before studying at the .05 level. 3) The eighth-grade students' satisfaction was at a high level (µ = 4.50), or 90 percent and when considering each aspect, the highest satisfaction level was the atmosphere of learning management (µ = 4.51), followed by Benefits (µ = 4.50), learning activities (µ= 4.47) respectively.</p> <p> </p> <p> </p> <p> </p> Sriwan Kaewtongdee Supachai Tawee Copyright (c) 2022 Education journal Faculty of Education, Nakhon Sawan Rajabhat University https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-08-25 2022-08-25 5 2 26 37 Case Study : Pregnancy in Collage https://so02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/edunsrujo/article/view/254128 <p>This research paper is a case study on factors contributing in student become pregnant during college years of tertiary education. The data providers are two students currently in tertiary education who had gone through pregnancy and kept the baby to term. Research tools used for data collection are biographical method, in-depth interview, and content analysis. The research found three dimensions contributing to pregnancy during college: 1) the personal dimension which refer to negative factors are negligence on birth control, incorrect use of contraception, fear of disappointing family, fear of personal future, and positive factors are their trust in love ones to give needed support; 2) the social environment dimension which refer to negative factors are such as restrictive upbringing and physical distance from their family, and positive factors are their lover acceptance and understanding, their lover’s family support, and the campus allowing them to continue their education; 3) the behavioral dimension which refer to negative factors are the act of hiding their pregnancy from their family, and positive factors is them keeping the child.</p> Plengprai Rattanawong Copyright (c) 2022 Education journal Faculty of Education, Nakhon Sawan Rajabhat University https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-08-25 2022-08-25 5 2 38 52 Administrators’ Leadership Strategy for the 21st Century of the School Administrators That Affect the Motivation the Performance of the Teachers in School in Roi Et Primary Educational Service Area Office 2 https://so02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/edunsrujo/article/view/252130 <p>This research aimed to study 1) the study development of administrators’ leadership strategy for the 21<sup>st</sup> century in school in Roi Et Primary Educational Service Area Office 2, 2) compare the affect the motivation the performance of the teachers in school in Roi Et Primary Educational Service Area Office 2 and 3) study relationship and create a forecast equation between 21<sup>st</sup> century strategic leadership of school administrators and performance motivation of teachers under Roi Et Elementary Education Service Area Office 2. The sample was 274 school Administrators and teachers in Roi Et Primary Educational Service Area Office 2, they was selected by simple random sampling. The tool used to collect the data was an estimation scale type questionnaire. The data analysis by averaging standard deviation and stepwise multiple regression analysis. The research results were found as follows;</p> <p> 1) The level of administrators’ leadership strategy for the 21<sup>st</sup> century in school in Roi Et Primary Educational Service Area Office 2 showed that totally at the total and each high level (<img title="\bar{X}" src="https://latex.codecogs.com/gif.latex?\bar{X}" /> =3.79, S.D.= 0.79). 2) The level of the affect the motivation the performance of the teachers in school in Roi Et Primary Educational Service Area Office 2 showed that totally at high level (<img title="\bar{X}" src="https://latex.codecogs.com/gif.latex?\bar{X}" /> = 3.76, S.D. = 0.78) 3) The correlation between 21<sup>st</sup> century strategic leadership of school administrators and performance motivation of teachers under Roi Et Elementary Education Service Area Office 2 had a high positive correlation ,statistically significant at the .05 level. Create a forecast equation as follows:</p> <p> The regression coefficients in raw score;</p> <p> <img title="\hat{Y}" src="https://latex.codecogs.com/gif.latex?\hat{Y}" /> = 1.797+.099(X <sub>13</sub>)+.413(X<sub>21</sub>)+.165(X<sub>11</sub>)+.322(X<sub>14</sub>)</p> <p> The regression coefficients in standard score;</p> <p> <img title="\hat{Z}" src="https://latex.codecogs.com/gif.latex?\hat{Z}" /> = .909(Z<sub>13</sub>)+.368(Z<sub>21</sub>)+.152(Z<sub>11</sub>)+.311(Z<sub>14</sub>)</p> <p> </p> Jirayu Sri sa-nga chai Copyright (c) 2022 Education journal Faculty of Education, Nakhon Sawan Rajabhat University https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-08-25 2022-08-25 5 2 53 61 The Approach of Quality Assurance of Small-Sized Schools for School Academic Affairs Management Under Nakhon Sawan Primary Educational Service Area Office 1 https://so02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/edunsrujo/article/view/255468 <p>This research aims to 1) study and analysis of the current situation, problem, prefix and reinforce the role of quality assurance and 2) find the guidelines for reinforcing the role of quality assurance of small-sized schools. The sample group was school administrators under the Nakhon Sawan Primary Educational Service Area Office 1, 92 people were selected with a simple random method. The research tool was an opinion questionnaire on educational quality assurance guidelines, the reliability value was 0.86. The data were analyzed by percentage, mean, standard deviation and content analysis. The results findings were as follows;</p> <p> 1) The present condition of the educational quality assurance of small schools under the Nakhon Sawan Primary Educational Service Area Office 1 as a whole is at a high level. 2) The Approach of Quality Assurance of Small-Sized Schools for School Academic Affairs Management Under Nakhon Sawan Primary Educational Service Area Office 1, The guidelines are 1) curriculum and learning process analysis of problems and causes from educational quality assurance evaluation improve and fix problems resulting from course preparation and course use 2) assessment and development of educational standards, meeting to clarify rules, regulations, methods of assessment and evaluation of learning outcomes. Analyze student performance to find ways to help individual students. and use the assessment results to plan for educational quality assurance 3) information technology for education always evaluate and update the information and information system, promote the utilization of information and information for the benefit of all aspects of operations and use information in the strategic planning of educational institutions 4) management analyze problems and related causes from the assessment of educational quality assurance, budget support resources and Personnel for educational quality assurance and conducting supervision, advice, supervision and monitoring of educational quality assurance.</p> Hataitip Sikhuntagasamit Copyright (c) 2022 Education journal Faculty of Education, Nakhon Sawan Rajabhat University https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-08-25 2022-08-25 5 2 62 73 A Study of Operational Problems in Knowing Individual Students of Educational Opportunity Expansion Schools under The Office of Uthaithani Education Service Area 1 https://so02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/edunsrujo/article/view/257564 <p>The purposes of this study were to study and compare the opinions of the school administrators and teachers on the problems individual students of educational opportunity expansion schools. The sample was 175 administrators and teachers which comprised 10 administrators and 165 teachers of the opportunity expansion schools. The samples was selected by simple random sampling. The instrument was a questionnaire according to study and compare the level of operational problems in knowing individual students of educational opportunity expansion schools with a reliability of 0.92. Data were analyzed by using percentage, mean, standard deviation and hypothesis testing by t-test, Analysis of Variance (One-way ANOVA) and Post-Hoc testing by the Scheffe’s method. The findings were as follow: </p> <p> 1) The problems of study of operational problems in knowing individual students of educational opportunity expansion schools under the office of Uthaithani education service area 1 in overall was at a moderate. 2) The comparing results of the opinions of administrators and teachers the study were to study and compare the level of operational problems in knowing individual students of educational opportunity expansion schools. Classified by position, educational level and work experience found that respondents with different positions and educational levels There are no different opinions in general. The respondents had different working experiences. There was a significant difference in opinion at the .05 level.</p> Saowapha Tuekchat Yaowares Pakdeejit Thinnakorn Cha-umphon Copyright (c) 2022 Education journal Faculty of Education, Nakhon Sawan Rajabhat University https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-08-25 2022-08-25 5 2 74 86 Factors Affecting Academic Administration of Schools under the Phichit Primary Educational Service Area Office 2 https://so02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/edunsrujo/article/view/257503 <p>The objectives of this research were 1) to study the level of the factors affecting academic administration of school 2) to study the level of academic administration of school 3) to study the relationship between factors affecting the academic administration of schools and 4) to create the prediction equations of academic administration of school. The sample consisted of 297 school directors and teachers using simple random sampling by lottery. The research tool was questionnaire in the level of the factors affecting academic administration, with a reliability coefficient between 0.84 - 0.94 and questionnaire in the level of academic administration 0.98. The statistics used were frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation, Pearson correlation coefficient and stepwise multiple regression analysis. The research was as follows:</p> <p> 1) Overall, the factor affecting academic administration of schools was at a highest level, according to each aspect it was at a highest level 2) Overall, the level of the academic administration of schools was at a highest level, according to each aspect it was at a highest level 3) The relationship between the factors affecting academic administration of schools and academic administration was a positive relationship with statistically significant at .01 and 4) By using multiple regression analysis, the factors affecting academic administration of school were budget, parenthood and community, administrator, teacher and classroom environment at the .05 level of significance, the cumulative correlation coefficient was at .95, the prediction of academic administration was 91 percent.</p> <p> The predicting equation of raw scores was:</p> <p> <img title="\hat{Y}" src="https://latex.codecogs.com/gif.latex?\hat{Y}" /> = 0.20 + 0.16(X<sub>4</sub>) + 0.43(X<sub>2</sub>) + 0.25(X<sub>1</sub>) + 0.21(X<sub>3</sub>) + 0.10(X<sub>5</sub>) </p> <p> The predicting equation of standard scores was:</p> <p> <img title="\hat{Z}" src="https://latex.codecogs.com/gif.latex?\hat{Z}" /> = 0.19(Z<sub>4</sub>) + 0.45(Z<sub>2</sub>) + 0.35(Z<sub>1</sub>) + 0.23(Z<sub>3</sub>) + 0.13(Z<sub>5</sub>)</p> Chotiros Jinoros Supattana Hombubpha Satorn Subruangthong Copyright (c) 2022 Education journal Faculty of Education, Nakhon Sawan Rajabhat University https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-08-25 2022-08-25 5 2 87 99 Guidelines for the administration of student affairs in educational institutions under Nakhon Sawan Secondary Education Service Area Office https://so02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/edunsrujo/article/view/257455 <p>The objectives of this research were 1) to study the state of student affairs administration 2) to find out the student affairs administration guidelines 3) to assess the student affairs administration guidelines. The research was conducted in three stages, 1) to study the state of student affairs administration. The sample group consisted of 327 administrators and teachers. The research instrument was the student affairs administration questionnaire has a precision of 0.95 2) to find out the student affairs administration guidelines by focus group of 7 experts. The research tool was a recording form; and 3) a guideline assessment by qualified experts and 15 experts. The research collecting tool was the student affairs management assessment. Data were analyzed by means of standard deviation and content analysis. The research was as follows:</p> <p> 1) The overall condition of student affairs administration in educational institutions was at a high level. According to each aspect it was at a highest-level starting means: operation of the student support system, promotion of democracy in schools, student affairs planning, respectively. 2) The overall, the student affairs administration guidelines were as follows: the implementation of the student caring system, students should be screened regularly every semester by supervisor, monitoring, and meetings to inform about screening guidelines in order to brainstorm solutions to operational problem and 3) The overall, the student affairs administration guidelines assessment of school was as follows: accuracy, suitability and feasibility were at a high level.</p> kampanat Atidtung Satorn Subruangthong Teeppipat Suntawan Copyright (c) 2022 Education journal Faculty of Education, Nakhon Sawan Rajabhat University https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-08-25 2022-08-25 5 2 100 112 The Results of The Administration Educational School in Malayu Model to The Local Sufficiency School Towards Thessabal 2 School (Ban Malayubangkok) https://so02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/edunsrujo/article/view/251249 <p>The purposes of this study were 1) to study the current condition, problems and needs of educational institution administration in the Malayu model. The data providers were the basic education committees, working groups and experts, a total of 82 research instruments were interviewed, data were analyzed by content analysis, 2) to design and create a model for the outcomes of the Malay educational Institution Management model the informant is 5 experts. Tools used in the research. model assessment form the data were analyzed by using the mean and standard deviation, 3) to experiment with the Malayu school management model, the data provider was the deputy director of academic affairs and a total of 20 working groups. The research tools were as follows: model assessment form analyze the data by finding the mean and standard deviation and 4) to assess the satisfaction towards The Malay School Administration Model The data providers were the basic education committees, working groups, students and students' parents, totaling 444 people. Data were analyzed by percentage, mean and standard deviation. The results showed that:</p> <p> 1) Current condition Problems and needs in school administration found that school administration was caused by problems in school administration. 2) The model of educational institution management in the Malayu model towards becoming a local sufficiency school consists of (1) M :4 M Production Process (2) E- Enhancement and Integration (3) L : Local Sefficiency Economy School (4) A : Ability (5) Y : Yield and (6) U : United, is overall appropriate at a high level. 3) The experimental use of the Malayu school management model, found that the aspect with the highest mean was school administration and the aspect with the lowest average was the personnel development of educational institutions. 4) The committee of basic education institutions had the highest satisfaction with the educational style of school administration, while the working group, students and parents were at a high level.</p> Thongman Sitthikan Copyright (c) 2022 Education journal Faculty of Education, Nakhon Sawan Rajabhat University https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-08-25 2022-08-25 5 2 113 124 Organizing Activities to Enhance the Pumpkin Project Experience to Promote Critical Thinking Skills for Early Childhood https://so02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/edunsrujo/article/view/253187 <p>The objectives of this research were 1) to study the results of the pumpkin project experience enhancement activities; and 2) to compare the analytical thinking skills before and after the pumpkin project experience enhancement activities. The target group used in the study was early childhood, kindergarten year 3, age 5 - 6 years, semester 2, academic year 2020, Ban Khao Cha-ngok School obtained by selecting a specific. The research instruments were 20 plans for the pumpkin project experience enhancement activities, 4 sets of manual for organizing the pumpkin project experience activities, 3 sets of analytical thinking skills test of preschool children with 0.72 confidence. This research is an experimental research with a one group pretest – posttest design. Data analysis using mean scores standard deviation and the difference test using percentage values. The research results were found as follows;</p> <p> 1) The overall analytical thinking skills for early childhood children before the pumpkin project experience activities was 61.50% (= 14.76) and after the pumpkin project experience activities were 95.43% ( =22.90). 2) The results of the comparison of the analytical thinking skills before and after the pumpkin project experience activities were found that the children developed the thinking skills after the activities were higher than before the activities.</p> <p> </p> Wannapa Sukcharoen Sroungporn Kusolsong Wichayaporn Oonpuy Copyright (c) 2022 Education journal Faculty of Education, Nakhon Sawan Rajabhat University https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-08-25 2022-08-25 5 2 125 134 A Study of The Relationship Between Academic Administration and The Quality of Learners in Educational Institutions under The Office of The Secondary Educational Service Area Kamphaengphet https://so02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/edunsrujo/article/view/257426 <p>The objectives of this research were 1) to study the level of academic administration of schools 2) to study the quality level of learners of schools 3) to study the relationship between academic administration and learner quality of schools. The sample consisted of 32 school directors and 281 teachers totaling 313. The research tool was a rating scale questionnaire in academic administration with a reliability coefficient of 0.97 and questionnaire about the quality of learners in schools assessment form with a reliability coefficient of 0.95. The statistics used were mean, standard deviation, Pearson correlation coefficient. The research was as follows:</p> <p> 1) The level of academic administration of schools under the office of the secondary educational service area Kamphaengphet was at a high level. 2) The level of quality level of learners of schools under the office of the secondary educational service area Kamphaengphet was at a high level. And 3) The relationship between academic administration and the quality of learners in schools was at a high level with statistical significance at the level of .01</p> Keerati Chimput Supattana Hombubpha Satorn Subruangthong Copyright (c) 2022 Education journal Faculty of Education, Nakhon Sawan Rajabhat University https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-08-25 2022-08-25 5 2 135 144