Thai Journal of East Asian Studies <p>The <strong><em>Thai Journal of East Asian Studies</em> (TJEAS)</strong> is an internationally refereed, bilingual (English and Thai) journal devoted to publishing humanities and social sciences research on issues related to East and Southeast Asia. It aims to be a venue for authors seeking to share their evidences and interpretations on emerging and compelling topics in the scholarship on the region. It also endeavors to be a synergy between discipline-based scholars and area specialists, who come from different academic backgrounds, contributing their knowledge collectively both for educational purposes and for society as a whole. The TJEAS is indexed in the Thai-Journal Citation Index (TCI-2).&nbsp;</p> Institute of East Asian Studies, Thammasat University en-US Thai Journal of East Asian Studies 2730-1435 Policy Development to Expand the Economic Value and Utilize the Development of the BIMSTEC Free Trade Area Framework for Thailand: A Policy Brief <p>This research was carried out by the International Institute for Trade and Development (Public Organization). It examines the BIMSTEC Free Trade Area Framework by analyzing economic, political and social factors. The research reveals that BIMSTEC clearly brings geographic, economic, and social benefits to member states, but insufficient progress has been achieved since it endeavors to cover 14 major sectors. Such an excessive area of cooperation makes agreement and action difficult. Also, differences in political system and political culture among the member states require time for adjustment to increase cooperation and has delayed the free trade area framework negotiations. At present, the member states have been able to conclude only three agreements, including the Agreement on Trade in Goods, Agreement on Cooperation and Mutual Assistance in Customs Matters, and Agreement on Dispute Settlement Procedures and Mechanisms. Other negotiations on investment, trade, and trade facilitation agreements are still pending. <br>Nevertheless, BIMSTEC remains significant for trade, investment, and formulating strategy for Thailand’s international relations. This research presents approaches to developing a BIMSTEC policy aimed at expanding its economic value in terms of trade and investment utilizing national competitive enhancement approaches for both government and private sectors. It is hoped that this will lead to greater cooperation and connectivity in various dimensions in parallel with economic and social development for all BIMSTEC members.</p> Office of Research Development and Promotion International Institute for Trade and Development (ITD) Copyright (c) 2020 Thai Journal of East Asian Studies 2020-06-29 2020-06-29 24 1 1 17 Korean Language Education (KLE) and Korean Studies (KS) in Thailand’s Universities: Current Status, Problems and Challenges, and Policy Recommendations <p>This article focuses on exploring the current status of Korean language and Korean studies courses at universities in Thailand that offer these subjects as bachelor degree level majors, and aims to explore the relative problems and challenges. The methods of research are qualitative, and descriptive analysis, as guided by the conceptual framework of “curricula”. The results show that there are 11 universities that offer the Korean language as a major and one university that offers Korean studies as a major. It is more common for universities to offer general Korean language courses than Korean studies or Applied Korean for Career courses. However, there are recent efforts to increase the number of Korean studies and Applied Korean for Careers courses as these subjects help students to develop knowledge that can be utilized in their future careers. Thai lecturers are vital in advocating for universities to successfully upgrade their curricula into major subjects. The main problems and challenges in implementing the curricula as a major subject include not being able to offer all of the courses due to a lack of sufficient instructors, especially in subjects that require specialized knowledge; and that many students are only interested to study this subject because of the popularity of Korean culture, so they are not interested in some specific courses. This article suggests that the development of educational curricula should give importance to both quality and quantity.</p> Phaiboon Petasen Nirinthorn Mesupnikom Copyright (c) 2020 Thai Journal of East Asian Studies 2020-06-29 2020-06-29 24 1 18 35 Production of ‘Maha Chanok’ Mangoes for Export to the Japanese Market: The Case Study of Nong Bua Chum Village, Nong Hin Sub-district, Nong Kung Si District, Kalasin Province <p>Although the farmers in Nong Bua Chum Village, Nong Hin Sub-district, Nong Kung <br>Si District, Kalasin Province have been cultivating ‘Maha Chanok’ mangoes for more than 24 years, market fluctuation remains an significant problem for them. This is especially the case in the <br>middle season which produces high crop yields. Production for export is a promising solution for this problem, particularly export to the Japanese market which offers higher prices compared with other import countries. Therefore, the purpose of this research was to study the ‘Maha Chanok’ Mango production of farmers at Nong Bua Chum Village, Nong Hin Sub-district, Nong Kung Si <br>District, Kalasin Province and factors regarding export to the Japanese market. The results showed that before the product can be exported, the farmers are required to meet the Good Agricultural Practices or GAP standard for food crops. Furthermore, arrangements must be made to grade and collect the fruit, either by an export agent or middleman, and meet grading conditions such as the weight of the fruit being 250 – 450 grams per piece and the fruit having a red or pink <br>unblemished peel. Frozen mangoes could be graded by the farmers themselves before transfer to an export company or middleman. For sufficient and sustainable income from Maha Chanok Mango production, it is recommended that famers focus on the development of technological production to ensure the highest quality Maha Chanok Mangoes, including moving from the GAP standard to the organic standard</p> Theerarat Chinnasaen Copyright (c) 2020 Thai Journal of East Asian Studies 2020-06-28 2020-06-28 24 1 36 52 An Analysis of Exploratory Factors Enabling Maximum Benefits for The Environment of Tourist Attractions While Lessening the Negative Impacts According to Global Sustainable Tourism Criteria Adopted in Petchaburi Floating Market <p>The objective of this research is to analyze the exploratory factors that contribute to the maximum benefits for the environment of tourist attractions while assuring that the negative impacts are lowest, as prescribed by the global sustainable tourism criteria. The data is collected from samples who are 302 floating market operators in Phetchaburi Province. Exploratory factor analysis is conducted through the principal component analysis and Varimax. The results of this study show that the set of observed factors has the capacity to analyze 12 components, including the environmental risk which found eigenvalues of 1.47 and 1.09, the environment prevention in the risky circumstances with eigenvalues of 2.09 and 1.12, the protection of plant and wildlife with eigenvalues of 1.59 and 1.13, the emission of greenhouse gas with eigenvalues of 1.37 and 1.04, the energy conservation with eigenvalues of 1.22 and 1.05, the water management with eigenvalues of 1.40 and 1.00, the prevention of water deficiency with eigenvalues of 1.17 and 1.00, the water quality with an eigenvalue of 1.37, the wastewater management with eigenvalues of 1.71 and 1.08, the solid waste reduction with eigenvalues of 1.59, 1.31, 1.05 and 1.04, the sound and light pollution reduction with eigenvalues of 1.68 and 1.10, and the lessening of the impacts from transportation with an eigenvalue of 1.41. Noticeably, the observable variables which indicate eigenvalues greater than 1 will become new observable variables whose relations can be classified and can be rearranged into new components.</p> Maneenuch Thimthong Copyright (c) 2020 Thai Journal of East Asian Studies 2020-06-27 2020-06-27 24 1 53 74 Populist and Authoritarian Leadership of Prayuth-Chan-ocha and Rodrigo Duterte <p>Academics and the media have raised concerns over the recent rise of populism and authoritarianism globally. Southeast Asia is no exception to this trend. This paper examines the populist and authoritarian leadership styles of Prayuth Chan-ocha of Thailand and Rodrigo Duterte of the Philippines using a comparative method and literature review. The study reveals that the populist and authoritarian styles of the two leaders have a number of similarities and also important differences. It also finds a different pattern of populism and authoritarianism between the two leaders. While Prayuth can be considered an authoritarian aspiring to be a populist, Duterte is more a populist who has become an authoritarian. The paper further examines the global phenomena distinguishing the case of Prayuth from other populist leaders following an authoritarian pattern.</p> Korbkusol Neelapaichit Copyright (c) 2020 Thai Journal of East Asian Studies 2020-06-29 2020-06-29 24 1 75 87 Summary of the International Seminar on “ASEAN-China Strategic Partnership: New Era, New Vision” <p>The international seminar on “ASEAN-China Strategic Partnership: New Era New Vision” was jointly organized by the Institute of East Asian Studies, Thammasart University in cooperation with the Embassy of the People’s Republic of China in the Kingdom of Thailand and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Kingdom of Thailand on October 22, 2018 at the Shangri-La Hotel, Bangkok. The <br>background of the seminar was based on the importance of the 15 years of establishment of the ASEANChina Strategic Partnership which has further expanded its cooperation agenda and contributed to regional peace, stability and prosperity. The objective of the international seminar was to enhance understanding of the achievements of the ASEAN-China strategic partnership over the past 15 years under the <br>development of ASEAN Community in 2015, ASEAN’s development over the past 5 decades and <br>achievements of China’s reform and opening up over the last 4 decades. The seminar aimed to pool fresh ideas on promoting ASEAN-China cooperation in various aspects, from politics, economy and culture.</p> Vorawan Wannalak Copyright (c) 2020 Thai Journal of East Asian Studies 2020-06-29 2020-06-29 24 1 88 99