Journal of Graduate School, Pitchayatat, Ubon Ratchathani Rajabhat University https://so02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Pitchayatat <p><strong>Journal of Graduate School, Pitchayatat,</strong>&nbsp;<strong>Ubon Ratchathani Rajabhat University</strong></p> <p>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;Journal of Graduate School, Pitchayatat, Ubon Ratchathani Rajabhat University (Humanities and Social Sciences) publishes research articles, academic articles and/or review articles. Its objectives are to publish articles in the fields of education, business administration, economics, political science, public administration, law, communication, agricultural extension, art, culture and related fields for promoting the concept, techniques, theories, and innovation development and to provide a platform for the presentation of academic outputs among the universities’ personnel and people in general. It is issued every 4 months.</p> <p>Scheduled to publish 3 times a year</p> <ul> <li class="show">Volume 1 January-April</li> <li class="show">Volume 2 May-August</li> <li class="show">Volume 3 September-December</li> </ul> บัณฑิตวิทยาลัย มหาวิทยาลัยราชภัฏอุบลราชธานี en-US Journal of Graduate School, Pitchayatat, Ubon Ratchathani Rajabhat University <p>Every article is peer-reviewed for academic correctness by at least two external qualified experts. The opinions in the Journal of Graduate School, Pitchayatat, Ubon Ratchathani Rajabhat University (Humanities and Social Sciences) belong to the authors; not belong to the Publisher. Thus, Graduate School of Ubon Ratchathani Rajabhat University cannot to be held responsible for them. The articles in this journal are protected by the copyright of Thailand. No part of each issue may be reproduced for dissemination without written permission from the publisher.</p> Administrative Skills of the 21st Century of the School Administrators Based on the Teachers’ Perception in the Schools under Sisaket Primary Educational Service Area Office 3 https://so02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Pitchayatat/article/view/251824 <p>The objectives of this research were to study and to compare the administrative skills of the administrative skills of the school administrators based on the teachers’ perception in the schools under Sisaket Primary Educational Service Area Office 3, classified by education levels, work experiences, and school sizes. The samples used in this research were 320 teachers in the schools under Sisaket Primary Educational Service Area Office 3. The sample size was determined by the ready-made table in determining the sample size of Krejcie &amp; Morgan based on the determined proportions. The research instruments used to collect the data were 5-rating scale and open-ended questionnaires with the reliability of 0.944. The statistics used in the research were percentage, mean, and standard deviation. The analytical statistics, t-test, F-test, and a multiple comparison test according to Scheffe’s method were used to compare the differences between the variables.</p> <p>The research findings were as follows.</p> <ol> <li>The administrative skills of the 21<sup>st</sup> century of the school administrators based on the teachers’ perception in the schools under Sisaket Primary Educational Service Area Office 3 in the overall were in a high level.</li> <li>The findings of the comparison of the administrative skills of the 21<sup>st</sup> century of the school administrators based on the teachers’ perception in the schools under Sisaket Primary Educational Service Area Office 3 showed that in the education levels, the administrative skills of the organizations, the communication, and the human relations were different with the statistical significance at the level of .01 while the human skills were different with the statistical significance at the level of .05. In the work experiences, the skills were different with the statistical significance at the level of .05. In the multiple comparison analysis in the overall, the teachers with the work experience less than 10 years and the teachers with the work experience from 10 years to 20 years had different opinions. In the analytical thinking and creative skills, the teachers with the work experience less than 10 years and the teachers with the work experience from 10 years to 20 years and the teachers with the work experience from 10 years to 20 years and the teachers with the work experience more than 20 years had different opinions. In the technological and digital skills, the teachers with the work experience less than 10 year and the teachers with the work experience from 10 years to 20 years had different opinions. In the school sizes, three school sizes were not different.</li> </ol> Suriya Somporn Surasak Srikrajang Prakasit Arnupharbsaenyakorn Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Graduate School, Pitchayatat, Ubon Ratchathani Rajabhat University https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-08-27 2022-08-27 17 2 1 15 Quality Assurance Operation within the Educational Institutions under the Office of Sisaket Primary Educational Service Area 3 https://so02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Pitchayatat/article/view/252093 <p> The objectives of the research were 1) to study conditions of the quality assurance operation within the educational institutions under the Office of Sisaket Primary Educational Service Area 3, 2) to compare the conditions of the quality assurance operation within the educational institutions under the Office of Sisaket Primary Educational Service Area 3 classified by positions, work experiences, and school sizes, and 3) to study recommendations and guidelines of the quality assurance operation within the educational institutions under the Office of Sisaket Primary Educational Service Area 3. The samples were 306 participants: 96 school administrators randomized by stratified random sampling based on the proportional allocation and 210 teachers randomized by stratified random sampling based on the proportional allocation in the schools under the Office of Sisaket Primary Educational Service Area 3. The research instrument was a questionnaire. The statistics were percentage, mean, standard deviation, t-test, and F-test.</p> <p><strong> </strong>The research findings were as follows.</p> <ol> <li>The quality assurance operation within the educational institutions under the Office of Sisaket Primary Educational Service Area 3 in the overall and in each aspect was at a high level.</li> <li>The findings of the comparison of the respondents' opinions towards the quality assurance operation within the educational institutes under Sisaket Primary Educational Service Area Office 3 classified by positions, work experiences, and school sizes showed that the respondents’ opinions towards the quality assurance operation within the educational institutes under Sisaket Primary Educational Service Area Office 3 in the overall were not different with the statistical significance at the level of .05.</li> </ol> <p> 3. The school administrators and the teachers gave the recommendations and the guidelines of the quality assurance operation within the educational institutions under the Office of Sisaket Primary Educational Service Area 3 that 1) in the operation planning, the educational institutions should provide knowledge and understanding to personnel to realize the values of the quality assurance within the educational institutions by having the personnel developed knowledge and education about quality assurance skills to create the realization of the values of the quality assurance, 2) in the performance based on the planning, the educational institutions should support budgets and resources to operate the educational quality assurance systematically, to support the educational quality assurance, and to make the educational quality assurance effective to be ready to be used because the budgets and the resources were the important mechanism that helped drive the educational quality assurance operation to achieve the targets by controlling the use of the budgets based on planning regulated to be worthiness and to receive the highest efficiency, 3) in the statistical investigation, the educational institutions should have methods in collecting the data of the quality assurance operation systematically, and 4) in the use of the evaluation results to develop the educational institutions, the educational institutions should bring the evaluation results to improve and develop the educational quality assurance.</p> Chamnan siripon Jinnawat Pakothang Surasak Srikrachang Prakhasit Arnupharbsaenyakorn Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Graduate School, Pitchayatat, Ubon Ratchathani Rajabhat University https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-08-27 2022-08-27 17 2 17 29 Administrative Skills in the 21st Century of the Basic School Administrators in the Schools under the Secondary Educational Service Area Office, Si Sa Ket- Yasothon https://so02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Pitchayatat/article/view/252246 <p>The objectives of this research were 1) to study a level of the administrative skills in the 21<sup>st</sup> century of the basic school administrators in the schools under the Secondary Educational Service Area Office, Si Sa Ket-Yasothon and 2) to compare the administrative skills of the basic school administrators in the schools under the Secondary Educational Service Area Office, Si Sa Ket-Yasothon classified by positions, work experiences, and school sizes. The samples used in the research were 419 participants: school administrators and teachers. They were randomized by stratified random sampling. The research instrument was a questionnaire. The statistics used in the research were percentage, mean, standard deviation, t-test, and F-test.</p> <p> The research findings were as follows.</p> <ol> <li>The findings of the analysis showed that the administrative skills of the basic school administrators in the schools under the Secondary Educational Service Area Office, Si Sa Ket-Yasothon in the overall were at a high level.</li> <li>The findings of the analysis of the comparison of the administrative skills of the basic school administrators in the schools under the Secondary Educational Service Area Office, Si Sa Ket-Yasothon classified by positions, work experiences, and school sizes showed that the administrative skills were different with the statistical significance at the level of .05.</li> </ol> Nittayaporn Thammawong Pongsak Thongpanchang Udomphan Pitchprasert Pimon Wisetsang Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Graduate School, Pitchayatat, Ubon Ratchathani Rajabhat University https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-08-27 2022-08-27 17 2 31 41 Characteristics of the Professional Standards of the School Administrators according to the Opinions of the Teachers in the Schools under Kanchanaburi Primary Educational Service Area Office 4 https://so02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Pitchayatat/article/view/253267 <p>The objectives of the research were to study the characteristics of the professional standards of the school administrators and to compare the characteristics of the professional standards of the school administrators according to the opinions of the teachers in the schools under Kanchanaburi Primary Educational Service Area Office 4 classified by educational management areas. The samples used in the research were 268 teachers in the basic schools under Kanchanaburi Primary Educational Service Area Office 4. They were randomized by stratified random sampling. The research instrument was a questionnaire. The statistics used to collect data were percentage, mean, standard deviation, one-way ANOVA, and Scheffe’s test for pairs of comparison. The statistical significance was determined at the level of 0.05.</p> <p>The research findings were as follows.</p> <ol> <li>The characteristics of the professional standards of the school administrators according to the opinions of the teachers in the schools under Kanchanaburi Primary Educational Service Area Office 4 in the overall and in all aspects were at the highest level. When the mean scores of the characteristics were organized from the largest to the smallest values, merits, ethics, and morality were the largest value, followed by professional development and school administration, leadership, students’ activities and students’ affairs, educational quality evaluation and curriculum and instruction, and learning measurement and learning evaluation.</li> <li>The findings of the comparison showed that the characteristics of the professional standards of the school administrators according to the opinions of the teachers in the schools under Kanchanaburi Primary Educational Service Area Office 4 classified by educational management areas in the overall were different with the statistical significance at the level of .01. When each aspect was considered, the curriculum and the instruction, the learning measurement and the learning evaluation, the students’ activities and the students’ affairs, the educational quality evaluation and the merits, ethics, and morality were different with the statistical significance at the level of .01 while the professional development, the academic leadership, and the school administration were different with the statistical significance at the level of .05.</li> </ol> Budsarud Sealao Saroch Pauwongsakul Nipon Wonnawed Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Graduate School, Pitchayatat, Ubon Ratchathani Rajabhat University https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-08-27 2022-08-27 17 2 43 54 Situations, Needs, and Guidelines for Developing Learning Management Skills in the New Normal Era of the Teachers Under the Office of Nakhon Phanom Primary Educational Service Area 2 https://so02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Pitchayatat/article/view/253997 <p>The objectives of this research were: 1) to study current and desirable situations, 2) to evaluate the needs, and 3) to develop guidelines for developing learning management skills in the new normal era of the teachers under the Office of Nakhon Phanom Primary Educational Service Area 2. The samples were 345 school administrators. The sample size was determined by percentage criteria. The samples were randomized by multi-stage sampling. The research instruments consisted of four forms: 1) a five-rating scale questionnaire asking for the current situations of the learning management skills in the new normal era of the teachers, 2) a five-rating scale questionnaire asking for the desirable situations of the learning management skills in the new normal era of the teachers, and 3) a structured-interview form, and 4) an evaluation form used to evaluate the appropriateness and the possibility of the guidelines for developing the learning management skills in the new normal era of the teachers. The statistics used in the research were percentage, mean, standard deviation, and Priority Needs Index (PNI <sub>modified</sub>).</p> <p> The research findings were as follows.</p> <ol> <li>The current situations of the learning management skills in the new normal ear of the teachers in the overall were at the highest level.</li> <li>The needs of the development of the learning management skills in the new normal era of the teachers with the three highest mean scores were the skills of information technology, measurement and evaluation, and learning management.</li> <li>The guidelines for developing the learning management skills in the new normal era of the teachers were that 1) In the learning management skills, the administrators and the office of educational area should arrange the training project of the teaching skills in the 21<sup>st</sup> century, 2) in the skills of the use of the communication and information technology, the administrators should assign the teachers who specialized in technology to be the trainers of the schools to help and teach other teachers in the schools, 3) in the learning management skills, the administrators should encourage the teachers to set up their calendars to make the supervision signs in the classrooms, 4) in the measurement and evaluation skills, the administrators should encourage the teachers to do the simple researches, propose the problems, offer guidelines, show the findings, and not emphasize on the content quantity, and 5) in life and career skills, the administrators or the office of the educational area should promote and support the teachers to do the academic works to promote their positions and receive awards from other organizations. The findings of the evaluation of the development guidelines showed that the development guidelines in the overall were appropriate and possible at the highest level.</li> </ol> Wannisa Hongsamanut Tatsana Prasantree Sumalee Sriputtarin Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Graduate School, Pitchayatat, Ubon Ratchathani Rajabhat University https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-08-27 2022-08-27 17 2 55 67 Relationship Between the Competency of the Administrators and the Effectiveness Based on the Operation of the Child Development Center under Roi Et Provincial Administrative Organization https://so02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Pitchayatat/article/view/254633 <p>The objectives of the research were to study the levels of the competency of the child development center administrators and the effectiveness based on the standards of the operation of the child development center, the relationship between the competency of the administrators of the child development center and the effectiveness based on the operation of the child development center, and the guidelines for developing the competency of the administrators and the effectiveness based on the operation of the child development center under Roi Et Provincial Administrative Organization. The samples were 260 participants consisting of child development center administrators and teachers. They were randomized by stratified random sampling. The research instrument was a questionnaire. The statistics used in the research were percentage, mean, standard deviation, and Pearson correlation coefficient.</p> <p>The research findings were as follows.</p> <ol> <li>The findings of the data analysis showed that the opinions towards the main competency of the child development center administrators and the effectiveness of the child development center under Roi Et Provincial Administrative Organization 7 in the overall were at a high level.</li> <li>The effectiveness based on the standards of the operation of the child development center under Roi Et Provincial Administrative Organization with 6 items in the overall was at a high level.</li> <li>The findings of the analysis of the relationship between the competency of the administrators of the child development center and the effectiveness based on the standards of the operation of the child development center under Roi Et Provincial Administrative Organization showed that the competency of the administrators of the child development center had the relationship with the effectiveness based on the standards of the operation of the child development center under Roi Et Provincial Administrative Organization in the overall with the statistical significance and had the positive relationship. The pair of the highest relationship was the systematic thinking skills and the buildings, the places, the environment, and the security of the child development center.</li> <li>The guidelines for developing the competency of the administrators and the effectiveness based on the standards of the operation of the child development center under Roi Et Provincial Administrative Organization consisted of 1) the child development center administration, 2) the staff, the buildings, the places, the environment, and the security, 3) the academic administration and the activities according to the curriculum, 4) the participation and the support from all sections, and 5) the network promotion on the early childhood development.</li> </ol> Theerasak Arjhan Prakhasitj Arnupharbsaenyakorn Surasak Srikrachang Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Graduate School, Pitchayatat, Ubon Ratchathani Rajabhat University https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-08-27 2022-08-27 17 2 69 79 Effects of Problem-Based Learning Activity Management with DAPIC Problem-Solving Processes Affecting Problem-Solving and Mathematical Connection Skills of the Sixth-Grade Students https://so02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Pitchayatat/article/view/255123 <p>The objectives of the research were to compare 1) the mathematical problem-solving skills of the sixth-grade students learning by using problem-based learning activity management with DAPIC problem-solving processes with the criterion of 70% and 2) the mathematical connection skills of the sixth-grade students learning by using problem-based learning activity management with DAPIC problem-solving processes with the criterion of 70%. The samples used in the research were 24 students studying in the sixth grade in the room 6/1. They were randomized by cluster random sampling. The research instruments were 1) lesson plans by using problem-based learning activity management with DAPIC problem-solving processes and 2) a test for measuring problem-solving and mathematical connection skills on the triangles and multi angles. The statistics used in the research were mean, standard deviation, and t-test.</p> <p> The research findings were as follows.</p> <ol> <li>The mathematical problem-solving skills of the sixth-grade students learning by using the problem-based learning activity management with DAPIC problem-solving processes were higher than the criterion of 70% with the statistical significance at the level of .05.</li> <li>The mathematical connection skills of the sixth-grade students learning by using the problem-based learning activity management with DAPIC problem-solving processes were higher than the criterion of 70% with the statistical significance at the level of .05.</li> </ol> Panyapon Thongdee Paladorn Suwannapho Kongrat Nualpang Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Graduate School, Pitchayatat, Ubon Ratchathani Rajabhat University https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-08-27 2022-08-27 17 2 81 88 Effects of Learning Management Based on the 5Es of Inquiry-Based Learning Model and Think-Pair-Share Techniques Affecting Mathematical Reasoning Ability and Mathematical Concepts of the Eighth-Grade Students https://so02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Pitchayatat/article/view/255144 <p>The objective of the research was to compare mathematical reasoning ability and mathematical concepts of the eighth-grade students on introduction to real numbers after the students learned by using the 5Es of inquiry-based learning model and Think-Pair-Share techniques with the criterion of 70%. The samples used in the research were 26 students studying in the eighth grade. They were randomized by cluster sampling. The research instruments were lesson plans, a test for measuring reasoning ability and a test for measuring mathematical concepts. The statistics used in the research were mean, standard deviation, and t-test.</p> <p> The research findings were as follows.</p> <ol> <li>The eighth-grade students learned by using the 5Es of inquiry-based learning model and Think-Pair-Share techniques had the mathematical reasoning ability higher than the criterion of 70% with the statistical significance at the level of .05.</li> <li>After the eighth-grade students learned by using the 5Es of inquiry-based learning model and Think-Pair-Share techniques had the mathematical concepts higher than the criterion of 70% with the statistical significance at the level of .05.</li> </ol> Nuttida Musikachat Komsan Treepiboon Vetcharit Angganapattarakajorn Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Graduate School, Pitchayatat, Ubon Ratchathani Rajabhat University https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-08-27 2022-08-27 17 2 89 96 Effects of Learning Management in Japanese Courses by Using Flipped Classroom Concepts Associated with Direct Teaching Methods in Classrooms to Develop Listening and Speaking Skills of the 10th Grade Students in the English-Japanese Study Plan https://so02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Pitchayatat/article/view/255922 <p> The objective of the research was to develop Japanese listening and speaking skills by using learning management based on flipped classroom concepts associated with direct teaching methods in classrooms. The research process was conducted by the quasi–experimental research. The researchers developed lesson plans in Japanese courses based on flipped classroom concepts associated with direct teaching methods in classrooms to improve Japanese listening and speaking skills. The lesson plans were checked by the experts in teaching Japanese courses. They were appropriated at the highest level and used in learning management with the samples. The samples were 21 students studying in the 10<sup>th</sup> grade, the room 4/4, the English-Japanese Study Plan, the second semester, and the academic year of 2021, at Sanguan Ying School. They were selected by purposive sampling. The samples were compared with the control group learning by using the regular learning management. The data were collected from a Japanese listening test and a Japanese Speaking test for the 10<sup>th</sup> grade students in the English-Japanese Study Plan and a questionnaire asking for the students’ satisfaction of the experimental group towards learning based on flipped classroom concepts associated with direct teaching methods in classrooms to improve Japanese listening and speaking skills. The statistics used in the research were mean, standard deviation, and t-test.</p> <p> The research findings were as follows.</p> <p><strong> </strong>The students in the experimental group had the mean score of the listening skills higher than that of the control group with the statistical significance at the level of .001 and the students in the experimental group had the mean score of the speaking skills higher than that of the control group with the statistical significance at the level of .001 after learning by using learning management based on flipped classroom concepts associated with direct teaching methods. In addition, the students in the experimental group were satisfied in learning by using the flipped classroom concepts associated with the direct teaching methods at a high level.</p> Thananpach Tantikongpan Nopphawan Chimroylarp Yupaka Fukushima Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Graduate School, Pitchayatat, Ubon Ratchathani Rajabhat University https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-08-27 2022-08-27 17 2 97 105 Development of Analytical Thinking Ability on Physical Geography in Thailand in Social Studies, Religion, and Culture Department for the 6th Grade Students through Learning Management by Using Flipped Classrooms https://so02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Pitchayatat/article/view/255310 <p>The objectives of the research were 1) to compare the analytical thinking ability of the 6<sup>th</sup> grade students before and after learning by using leaning management plans based on flipped classrooms, 2) to compare the learning achievement of the 6<sup>th</sup> grade students learning by using learning management plans based on flipped classrooms between before and after learning, and 3) to study the satisfaction of the 6<sup>th</sup> grade students learning by using learning management plans based on flipped classrooms. The samples used in the research were 38 students studying in the 6<sup>th</sup> grade in the room 6/1 in the second semester in the academic year of 2021 at Anuban Trakanphuetphon School. They were randomized by cluster sampling that used the classrooms as the random units. The research instruments were learning management plans on flipped classrooms, an analytical thinking ability test, a learning achievement test, and a questionnaire asking for the students’ satisfaction. The statistics used to analyze data were mean, standard deviation, and t-test.</p> <p> The research findings were as follow.</p> <ol> <li>The mean score of the analytical thinking ability of the 6<sup>th</sup> grade students after learning by using learning management plans based on flipped classrooms was higher than that of before learning with the statistical significance at the level of 0.01.</li> <li>The mean score of the learning achievement of the 6<sup>th</sup> grade students learning by using learning management plans based on flipped classrooms after learning was higher than that of before learning with the statistical significance at the level of 0.01.</li> <li>The 6<sup>th</sup> grade students were satisfied by learning from the learning management plans based on flipped classrooms in the overall at the highest level.</li> </ol> Pisuttipa Sritumma Savitree Thaotho Grerkgrai Kaewluan Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Graduate School, Pitchayatat, Ubon Ratchathani Rajabhat University https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-08-27 2022-08-27 17 2 107 119 Development of the Making-Merit Management System and the Donation Application of the Temple on the Phones Using the Android Operating System https://so02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Pitchayatat/article/view/255962 <p>The objectives of the research were 1) to design and develop the making-merit management system and the donation application of the temple on the phones using the android operating system and 2) to study the satisfaction of the users towards the patterns proposed the data of the making-merit management system and the donation application of the temple on the phones using the android operating system. The samples were the students from Pariyatti Dhamma School, Wat Phong Ploy Viriyaram and the fellows coming to make merits at Wat Phong Ploy Viriyaram. The research instrument was a five-rating scale questionnaire. The statistics used in the research were mean and standard deviation. </p> <p>The research findings were as follows.</p> <ol> <li>The findings showed that the design of the application and the website could be done according to the scope of the research determined.</li> <li>The findings showed that the efficiency of the donation application in the overall was at a good level and the satisfaction on using the website was at a high level.</li> </ol> Sittiphong Pornudomthap Sunanta Srimuang Wasana Sanor Ronnagorn Rattanatumma Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Graduate School, Pitchayatat, Ubon Ratchathani Rajabhat University https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-08-27 2022-08-27 17 2 121 132 Development of a Supervision Model to Enhance Competencies in Creating Learning Management Innovation Based on the Concepts of the Professional Learning Community for the Secondary School Teachers https://so02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Pitchayatat/article/view/256291 <p>The objectives of the research were 1) to develop a supervision model to enhance competencies in creating learning management innovation based on the concepts of the professional learning community for the secondary school teachers and 2) to study the results of the use of the supervision model to enhance the competencies in creating learning management innovation based on the concepts of the professional learning community for the secondary school teachers. The samples were 6 teachers in Cluster Campus School in Nam Na Boon under the Secondary Education Office Service Area, Ubon Ratchathani and Amnat Charoen, selected by purposive sampling and 180 students, randomized by cluster sampling, studying with the supervised teachers. The research instruments were a questionnaire, an interview form, an observation form, an evaluation form, and journal writing records. The statistics used in the research were percentage, mean, standard deviation, t-test, and content analysis.</p> <p> The research findings were as follows.</p> <ol> <li>The supervision model to enhance the competencies in creating learning management innovation based on the concepts of the professional learning community for the secondary school teachers consisted of four components: 1.1 the principles of the model, 1.2 the objectives of the model, 1.3 the supervision processes, and 1.4 the conditions for success. The findings of the supervision model evaluation done by the experts showed that the supervision model was appropriate in the overall at the highest level.</li> <li>The findings of the use of the supervision model were as follows.</li> </ol> <p> 2.1 After using the supervision model, all of the teachers had the competencies in creating learning management innovation higher than that before using it.</p> <p> 2.2 The evaluation forms for evaluating the instruments for the leaning achievement and the higher order thinking competencies for the supervised teachers were at a good level. </p> <p> 2.3 The students had the mean score of the leaning achievement after using the supervision model higher than that before using the supervision model to enhance the competencies in creating learning management innovation with the statistical significance at the level of .05. All of the students also had the mean score of the higher order thinking competencies after using the supervision model higher than that before using the supervision model to enhance the competencies in creating learning management innovation<strong>.</strong></p> <p> 2.4 The satisfaction of the supervised teachers towards the supervision model to enhance the competencies in creating learning management innovation was at the highest level. </p> Thana Thusriwan Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Graduate School, Pitchayatat, Ubon Ratchathani Rajabhat University https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-08-27 2022-08-27 17 2 133 142 Developing Instructional Development of Learning Management in the Biology Course on Ecosystems and Population Based on the Constructivism Theory for the 12th grade Students https://so02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Pitchayatat/article/view/256226 <p>The objectives of the research were 1) to develop learning management in the biology course on Ecosystems and Population based on the constructivism theory for the 12th grade students, 2) to compare the learning achievement of the 12<sup>th</sup> grade students studying the biology course on Ecosystems and Population, 3) to compare the analytical thinking ability in the biology course on Ecosystems and Population of the 12<sup>th</sup> grade students learning by using learning management based on the constructivism theory before and after learning, and 4) to study the satisfaction of the 12<sup>th</sup> grade students learning by using learning management based on the constructivism theory in the biology course on Ecosystems and Population. The target group consisted of 32 students studying in the 12<sup>th</sup> grade in the second semester in the academic year of 2020 at Nong Thom Witthaya School. The research instruments were 1) 7 learning management plans based on the constructivism theory, 2) a learning achievement test with the values of the test for analytical thinking ability in the biology course on Ecosystems and Population, and 4) a questionnaire asking for the students’ satisfaction towards learning the biology course. The statistics used in the research were percentage, mean, and standard deviation.</p> <p> The research findings were as follows.</p> <ol> <li>The efficiency of the learning management of the biology course on Ecosystems and Population based on the constructivism theory for the 12<sup>th</sup> grade students was 83.79/82.81.</li> <li>The learning achievement of the biology course on Ecosystems and Population of the 12<sup>th</sup> grade students based on the constructivism theory after learning was higher than that before learning.</li> <li>The findings showed that the analytical thinking of the biology course on Ecosystems and Population of the 12<sup>th</sup> grade students after learning was higher than that before learning.</li> <li>The satisfaction of the 12<sup>th</sup> grade students towards learning the biology course on Ecosystems and Population based on the constructivism theory was at the highest level. (=4.51,=0.27)</li> </ol> Pairin Namwong Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Graduate School, Pitchayatat, Ubon Ratchathani Rajabhat University https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-08-27 2022-08-27 17 2 143 153 Development of Creative Thinking by Using Creative Thinking Instructional Activities in the Visual Arts Course for the 5th Grade Students https://so02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Pitchayatat/article/view/256355 <p>The objective of the research was to develop creative thinking by using creative thinking instructional activities in the visual arts course for the 5<sup>th</sup> grade students. The target group used in the research consisted of 18 students studying in the 5<sup>th</sup> grade in the second semester in the academic year of 2021. They were selected by purposive sampling. The duration of the research period was the entire of the second semester in the academic year of 2021. The research was conducted through the action research processes based on Lewin's 3 Stage Model. The research instruments were 1) 7 learning management plans by using creative thinking instructional activities in 6 steps, 2) field records, 3) an evaluation form for evaluating creative thinking, and 4) a semi-structured Interview form. The statistics used to analyze data were percentage, mean, and standard deviation. <br /> The research findings were as follows.<br /> The findings of the data analysis by using the criteria to evaluate the creative thinking after finishing the research showed that 18 students or 100% of the students had the scores on the creative thinking in the visual arts course for 75% or more. This meant that all of the students passed the criteria of the evaluation.</p> Sommai Pentisan Satjatham Phorntaweekul Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Graduate School, Pitchayatat, Ubon Ratchathani Rajabhat University https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-08-27 2022-08-27 17 2 155 164 Development of Musical Creative Thinking by Using Instructional Activities based on Kodaly’s Concepts for the 4th Grade Students https://so02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Pitchayatat/article/view/256725 <p> The objective of the research was to develop musical creative thinking by using instructional activities based on Kodaly’s concepts for the 4<sup>th</sup> grade students. The researchers used the action research model with a passing score of 70% or more to be a criterion. The target group consisted of 16 students studying in the 4<sup>th</sup> grade in Ban Hua Don Kam Samakkee School, Phana District, Amnat Charoen Province in the second semester in the academic year of 2021. The research instruments were 1) 7 learning management plans, 2) a test to evaluate musical creative thinking, and 3) field records. The data were analyzed by percentage, mean, and conclusion of the descriptive findings.<br /> The research findings were as follows.<br /> The findings of the development of the musical creative thinking by using instructional activities based on Kodaly’s concepts for the 4<sup>th</sup> grade students showed that the students had the scores from evaluating the musical creative thinking higher than 70%.</p> Akaraded Luenam Satjatham Phorntaweekul Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Graduate School, Pitchayatat, Ubon Ratchathani Rajabhat University https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-08-27 2022-08-27 17 2 165 176 A Study of the Digital Technological Leadership of the School Administrators in the Private Schools under Ubon Ratchathani Provincial Education Office https://so02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Pitchayatat/article/view/255421 <p> The objectives of the research were 1) to study the digital technological leadership of the school administrators in the private schools under Ubon Ratchathani Provincial Education Office, 2) to study the findings of the comparison of the digital technological leadership of the school administrators in the private schools under Ubon Ratchathani Provincial Education Office classified by positions, working experiences, and education degrees, and 3) to study guidelines for developing the digital technological leadership of the school administrators in the private schools under Ubon Ratchathani Provincial Education Office. The samples were 346 respondents consisting of 21 school administrators and 325 teachers. The were randomized by stratified random sampling. The research instrument was a questionnaire. The data were analyzed by percentage, mean, standard deviation, and t-test.</p> <p> The research findings were as follows.</p> <ol> <li>The digital technological leadership of the school administrators in the private schools under Ubon Ratchathani Provincial Education Office in the overall was at a high level.</li> <li>The findings of the comparison of the digital technological leadership of the school administrators in the private schools under Ubon Ratchathani Provincial Education Office showed that the school administrators and the teachers classified by positions in the overall were different with the statistical significance at the level of .05, they classified by working experiences in the overall and in each aspect were not different, and they classified by education degrees in the overall were different with the statistical significance at the level of .05.</li> <li>The guidelines for developing the digital technological leadership of the school administrators in the private schools under Ubon Ratchathani Provincial Education Office were that the school administrators should determine the development of the digital technology to be modern, analyze the weak-strong points of the digital technology to regulate the ICT vision of the schools clearly, facilitate the digital technology for the students, use the digital technology in managing the school budgets and organizations and developing the schools, and use the digital technology in analyzing the students’ data, measuring the students’ learning achievement, evaluating and measuring the results of the students’ study. The schools should not give the data to other people without getting the permission from the owners of the data and should not disturb other people.</li> </ol> Rachwadee Satjathamthanapit NaRach Chaichana Nares Khantharee Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Graduate School, Pitchayatat, Ubon Ratchathani Rajabhat University https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-08-27 2022-08-27 17 2 177 186 A Study of English Learning Strategies of the Fourth-Year Students in English Program, Faculty of Education, Ubon Ratchathani Rajabhat University https://so02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Pitchayatat/article/view/256850 <p> The objectives of this study were to study English learning strategies of the fourth-year students in English Program, Faculty of Education, Ubon Ratchathani Rajabhat University and to compare English learning strategies of the students classified by genders, English learning experiences in the foreign countries, and English proficiency levels. This research was quantitative research. The samples were 61 students studying in bachelor of Education Program in English in the fourth year, Faculty of Education, Ubon Ratchathani Rajabhat University in the second semester of the academic year of 2019. The research instrument was a questionnaire adapted from Oxford Strategies Inventory for Language Learning (SILL) version 7.0 for ESL/EFL. The statistics used in the research were mean, percentage, standard deviation, t-test, and one-way ANOVA.</p> <p> The research findings were as follows.</p> <p> In the overall, the students used the English learning strategies at a moderate level. They used the strategies that led them to succeed in learning English at the highest level while they used the strategies for remembering at the lowest level. In addition, the findings also showed that the students with different genders and different English learning experiences in the foreign countries had different strategies in learning English in the overall while the students with the different English proficiency did not use the different English learning strategies. </p> <p> </p> Suchintana Chansamak Montaya Srisapoom Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Graduate School, Pitchayatat, Ubon Ratchathani Rajabhat University https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-08-27 2022-08-27 17 2 188 196 Development of Executive Functions (EF) in Practice Skills by Using Artificial Art Activities from Waste Materials through Integrated Learning Management Processes Using Problem-Based Learning for the Third-Year Kindergarten Students at Ban Prathai School https://so02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Pitchayatat/article/view/256931 <p> The objectives of this research were 1) to develop Executive Functions (EF) of early childhood children by using artificial art activities from waste materials through integrated learning management processes using problem-based learning and 2) to compare Executive Functions (EF) of early childhood children before and after learning through artificial art activities from waste materials through integrated learning management processes using problem-based learning. The samples used in the research were 13 early childhood children, aged 5-6 years, studying in the third-year kindergarten at Ban Prathai School, Thung Yai Subdistrict, Kantharalak District, Sisaket Province in the second semester in the academic year of 2021. They were randomized by simple random sampling. The researchers spent 8 weeks, 3 days per week, 60 minutes per day, for the trial. The total times for the trial were 24 times. The research instruments were 1) learning management plans for artificial art activities from waste materials through integrated learning management processes using problem-based learning and 2) an observation form for observing Executive Functions (EF) of the early childhood children, aged 3-6 years, according to the Executive Functions (EF) guidelines. The research was conducted by using the research plans that measured the research processes in every period. The data were analyzed by using mean, standard deviation, and t-test.</p> <p>The research findings were as follows.</p> <ol> <li>The early childhood children learning the artificial art activities from waste materials through integrated learning management processes using problem-based learning developed the Executive Functions (EF) higher.</li> <li>The mean score of the Executive Functions (EF) of the early childhood children learning through the artificial art activities from waste materials through integrated learning management processes using problem-based learning after learning was higher than that before learning with the statistical significance at the level of .05.</li> </ol> <p> </p> Wararat Tumala Patsamonchat Pacoot Thipakorn Boonyagulsriroong Praweena Julhorm Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Graduate School, Pitchayatat, Ubon Ratchathani Rajabhat University https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-08-27 2022-08-27 17 2 197 206 Strategies for Educational Quality Assurance Development of the Primary Schools in Sisaket Province https://so02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Pitchayatat/article/view/256553 <p> The objectives of the research were 1) to study levels of the success of the implementation based on the educational quality assurance standards of the primary schools in Sisaket Province, 2) to study factors affecting the success of the implementation based on the educational quality assurance standards of the primary schools in Sisaket Province, and 3) to create and evaluate strategies for developing the educational quality assurance standards of the primary schools in Sisaket Province. The research was conducted as mixed-methods descriptive research. The samples were 522 respondents consisting of school administrators and teachers who passed the evaluation of the educational quality assurance in the third round at a good level or better in Sisaket Province. They were randomized by stratified random sampling. The informant group consisted of 8 informants including school administrators and teachers in the schools with the best practice in implementing based on the educational quality assurance standards in the big schools, the medium schools, and the small school and 21 experts in educational and primary school administration. The research instruments were a questionnaire and an interview form. The data were analyzed by using the basic statistics, content analysis, and multiple regression analysis.</p> <p> The research findings were as follows.</p> <ol> <li>The schools succeeded in implementing based on the educational quality assurance standards at the highest level.</li> <li>The factors affecting the success of the implementation based on the educational quality assurance standards of the primary schools consisted of 6 factors organized from the highest to the lowest levels affecting the success of the implementation based on the educational quality assurance standards of the primary schools: 1) organization structures, 2) implementation based on the roles of the teachers and staff, 3) atmosphere in working, 4) technology, materials, and equipment, 5) communities and societies, and 6) participation and consultation by arranging the organization structures and implementing based on the roles of the teachers and staff, technology, materials, and equipment, communities and societies, and participation and consultation.</li> <li>The strategies for developing the educational quality assurance standards of the primary schools in Sisaket Province included the strategies and the standards of each strategy. The first strategy was to arrange organization structures to administrate the schools clearly. The second strategy was to develop the teachers and staff to have knowledge to be able to perform their work systematically and continually. The third strategy was to supervise, monitor, follow up, and evaluate the results of the work performance systematically and continually. The fourth strategy was to seek for qualitative technology to use in educational administration. The fifth strategy was to seek for participation to administrate inside and outside schools. The findings of the evaluation of the strategies showed that in the overall, the strategies for developing the educational quality assurance standards of the primary schools in Sisaket Province were suitable at the highest level, possible at the highest level, and helpful at the highest level.</li> </ol> Pimon Wisedsang Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Graduate School, Pitchayatat, Ubon Ratchathani Rajabhat University https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-08-27 2022-08-27 17 2 208 220 Analysis of the Use of English Restrictive Relative Clauses of the 2nd Year Students in Business English Program, Ubon Ratchathani Rajabhat University https://so02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Pitchayatat/article/view/257728 <p> The objectives of the research were 1) to analyze the ability of the use of English restrictive relative clauses modifying nouns as subjects and direct objects of English sentences classified by the characteristics of the questions asking for the information of the relative clauses and the information of the main clauses of the 2<sup>nd</sup> year students in Business English Program at Ubon Ratchathani Rajabhat University and 2) to compare the difference of the ability of the use of English restrictive relative clauses modifying nouns as subjects and direct objects of English sentences in the different structures classified by the characteristics of the questions asking for the information of the relative clauses and the information of the main clauses of the 2<sup>nd</sup> year students in Business English Program at Ubon Ratchathani Rajabhat University. The subjects in the research were 33 students studying in the 2<sup>nd</sup> year in Business English Program at Ubon Ratchathani Rajabhat University. They were randomized by simple random sampling. The research instrument was a test for the use of English restrictive relative clauses used to modify subjects and objects of English sentences. The statistics used in the research were percentage and mean.</p> <p>The research findings were as follows.</p> <ol> <li>The findings of the analysis of the ability of the use of English restrictive relative clauses classified by the characteristics of the questions asking for the information of the relative clauses and the information of the main clauses of the 2<sup>nd</sup> year students in Business English Program at Ubon Ratchathani Rajabhat University showed that 63.48% of the subjects correctly answered the test of English restrictive relative clauses modifying nouns as subjects and direct objects of English sentences. In part 1, the students answered the questions correctly at the mean score of 68.03% while in part 2, the students answered the questions correctly at the mean score of 58.92%.</li> <li>The findings of the comparison of the difference of the ability of the use of English restrictive relative clauses classified by the characteristics of the questions asking for the information of the relative clauses and the information of the main clauses of the 2<sup>nd</sup> year students in Business English Program at Ubon Ratchathani Rajabhat University showed that the understanding of the use of English restrictive relative clauses of the 2<sup>nd</sup> year students in Business English Program, Ubon Ratchathani Rajabhat University at the highest level of the difference was the second section with the mean score of 30% of who answered the questions correctly while the fourth sections of both parts were not different.</li> </ol> Jutamanee Tipparach Nitirat Utthachat Nattida Sujaritjan Pattanan Sujaritjan Jidapa Chokhirannakin Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Graduate School, Pitchayatat, Ubon Ratchathani Rajabhat University https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-08-27 2022-08-27 17 2 221 231